Inclusive Teaching Tools and Strategies

Four Principles of Inclusion

Click any of the below inclusive teaching principles to learn more and see specific examples of how to implement various strategies within the classroom.

person pointing to an example of a problem solving rubric


Clearly communicating about norms, expectations, and evaluation criteria.


people cheering at a University of Michigan graduation ceremony

Academic Belonging

Cultivating students’ sense of connection to the discipline and scholarly/professional communities.

a group of students studying together around a table

Structured Interactions

Providing or eliciting goals, protocols, and processes to make sure group interactions don’t default to patterns of privileging already-privileged voices or otherwise replicating systemic inequities.

a group of students, with different identities, working on a project together

Affirmation of Difference

Recognizing that students bring diverse identities, strengths, and needs to the learning environment.