Inclusive Teaching Tools and Strategies

Principles of Inclusion

Click any of the below inclusive teaching principles to learn more and see specific examples of how to implement various strategies within the classroom. For example strategies for remote settings, download this revised inclusive teaching principles handout.

person pointing to an example of a problem solving rubric


Clearly communicating about norms, expectations, and evaluation criteria.


people cheering at a University of Michigan graduation ceremony

Academic Belonging

Cultivating students’ sense of connection to the discipline and scholarly/professional communities.

a group of students studying together around a table

Structured Interactions

Providing or eliciting goals, protocols, and processes that support equitable access and contributions to interactive elements of the learning environment – and disrupt patterns that reinforce or reflect systemic inequities.

a group of students, with different identities, working on a project together

Affirmation of Difference

Acknowledging students’ different identities, experiences, strengths, and needs; leveraging student diversity as an asset for learning.

man is lying on bed and trying to type on a laptop, while his daughter is on body trying to distract him


Responding and adapting to students’ changing and diverse circumstances; engaging empathetically with student needs, both emerging and persistent; balancing intentional design and commitment to providing accommodations.