Inclusive Teaching Tools and Strategies

Principles of Inclusion

Click any of the below inclusive teaching principles to learn more and see specific examples of how to implement various strategies within the classroom.


Clearly communicating about norms, expectations, and evaluation criteria.

Academic Belonging

Cultivating students’ sense of connection to the discipline and scholarly/professional communities.

Structured Interactions

Providing or eliciting goals, protocols, and processes that support equitable access and contributions to interactive elements of the learning environment – and disrupt patterns that reinforce or reflect system inequities. 

Affirmation of Difference

Acknowledging students’ different identities, experiences, strengths, and needs; leveraging student diversity as an asset for learning.


Responding and adapting to students’ changing and diverse circumstances; engaging empathetically with student needs, both emerging and persistent; balancing intentional design and commitment to providing accomodations.